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WEB Assessing the low cycle fatigue behaviour of additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Challenges and first results

Wednesday (27.05.2020)
15:00 - 15:05 Room 1
Part of:

The understanding of process-microstructure-property-performance (PMPP) relationships in additive manufacturing (AM) of metals is highly necessary to achieve wide-spread industrial application and replace conventionally manufactured parts, especially regarding safety-relevant applications. To achieve this understanding, reliable data and knowledge regarding material’s microstructure-property relationships (e.g. the role of defects) is needed, since it represents the base for future more targeted process optimizations and more reliable calculations of performance. However, producing reliable material data and assessing the AM material behaviour is not an easy task: big challenges are e.g. the actual lack of standard testing methods for AM materials and the occasional difficulties in finding one-to-one comparable material data for the conventional counterpart.


This work aims to contribute to end this lack of reliable material data and knowledge for the low cycle fatigue behaviour of the most used titanium alloy in aerospace applications (Ti-6Al-4V). For this purpose, two sets of test specimens were investigated. The first set was manufactured from cylindrical rods produced by an optimized DED-L process and the second was manufactured from a hot formed round bar. The test specimens were cyclically loaded until failure in the low-cycle-fatigue (LCF) regime. The tests were carried out according to ISO 12106 between 0.3 to 1.0 % axial strain amplitude from room temperature up to 400°C. The LCF behaviour is described and compared between materials and with literature values based on cyclic deformation curves and strain-based fatigue life curves. Besides, the parameters of Manson-Coffin-Basquin relationship were calculated. The microstructures (initial and after failure) and fracture surfaces were comparative characterized. Thereby, the focus lied on understanding the role of grain morphology and defects on the failure mechanisms and fatigue lifetimes. For this latter characterization, optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and micro computed tomography (µCT) were used.

Luis Avila
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Additional Authors:
  • Dr. Birgit Rehmer
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
  • Dr. Benjamin Graf
    Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology
  • Alexander Ulbricht
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
  • Prof. Dr. Birgit Skrotzki
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
  • Prof. Dr. Michael Rethmeier
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)


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