Additive Manufacturing (AM) opens new possibilities in the design of metallic components, including very complex geometries (e.g. structures optimized for certain loads), optimization of materials (e.g. gradient materials) and cost-effective manufacturing of spare parts. In the recent years, it has been used for the first safety-relevant parts, but the consideration of cyclic mechanical behavior in AM is still at the very beginning. The reason for this is the complexity of mechanical material properties, i.e. inhomogeneity, anisotropy and a large number of defects frequently textured and characterized by large scattering in size. Additionally, high surface roughness and residual stresses with complex distributions are typical of AM. Due to these reasons, the transferability of experimentally determined properties from specimens to components is a challenge. This presentation provides an overview of the questions concerning the application of AM to safety-relevant components. Possible strategies for the fatigue design of such components are presented. Besides the Kitagawa-Takahashi-diagram method and the cyclic R-curve analysis as approaches for damage-tolerant design, the identification of critical locations, the problem of representative material properties and the handling of residual stresses are addressed.